Source code for pygeoapi.util

# =================================================================
#
# Authors: Tom Kralidis <tomkralidis@gmail.com>
#
# Copyright (c) 2020 Tom Kralidis
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"""Generic util functions used in the code"""

import base64
from datetime import date, datetime, time
from decimal import Decimal
from enum import Enum
import io
import json
import logging
import mimetypes
import os
import re
from urllib.request import urlopen
from urllib.parse import urlparse

import dateutil.parser
from jinja2 import Environment, FileSystemLoader
from jinja2.exceptions import TemplateNotFound
import yaml

from pygeoapi import __version__
from pygeoapi.provider.base import ProviderTypeError

LOGGER = logging.getLogger(__name__)

DATETIME_FORMAT = '%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%S.%fZ'

TEMPLATES = '{}{}templates'.format(os.path.dirname(
    os.path.realpath(__file__)), os.sep)

mimetypes.add_type('text/plain', '.yaml')
mimetypes.add_type('text/plain', '.yml')


[docs]def dategetter(date_property, collection): """ Attempts to obtain a date value from a collection. :param date_property: property representing the date :param collection: dictionary to check within :returns: `str` (ISO8601) representing the date. ('..' if null or "now", allowing for an open interval). """ value = collection.get(date_property, None) if value == 'now' or value is None: return '..' return value.isoformat()
[docs]def get_typed_value(value): """ Derive true type from data value :param value: value :returns: value as a native Python data type """ try: if '.' in value: # float? value2 = float(value) elif len(value) > 1 and value.startswith('0'): value2 = value else: # int? value2 = int(value) except ValueError: # string (default)? value2 = value return value2
[docs]def yaml_load(fh): """ serializes a YAML files into a pyyaml object :param fh: file handle :returns: `dict` representation of YAML """ # support environment variables in config # https://stackoverflow.com/a/55301129 path_matcher = re.compile(r'.*\$\{([^}^{]+)\}.*') def path_constructor(loader, node): env_var = path_matcher.match(node.value).group(1) if env_var not in os.environ: raise EnvironmentError('Undefined environment variable in config') return get_typed_value(os.path.expandvars(node.value)) class EnvVarLoader(yaml.SafeLoader): pass EnvVarLoader.add_implicit_resolver('!path', path_matcher, None) EnvVarLoader.add_constructor('!path', path_constructor) return yaml.load(fh, Loader=EnvVarLoader)
[docs]def str2bool(value): """ helper function to return Python boolean type (source: https://stackoverflow.com/a/715468) :param value: value to be evaluated :returns: `bool` of whether the value is boolean-ish """ value2 = False if isinstance(value, bool): value2 = value else: value2 = value.lower() in ('yes', 'true', 't', '1', 'on') return value2
[docs]def to_json(dict_, pretty=False): """ Serialize dict to json :param dict_: `dict` of JSON representation :param pretty: `bool` of whether to prettify JSON (default is `False`) :returns: JSON string representation """ if pretty: indent = 4 else: indent = None return json.dumps(dict_, default=json_serial, indent=indent)
[docs]def format_datetime(value, format_=DATETIME_FORMAT): """ Parse datetime as ISO 8601 string; re-present it in particular format for display in HTML :param value: `str` of ISO datetime :param format_: `str` of datetime format for strftime :returns: string """ if not isinstance(value, str) or not value.strip(): return '' return dateutil.parser.isoparse(value).strftime(format_)
[docs]def format_duration(start, end=None): """ Parse a start and (optional) end datetime as ISO 8601 strings, calculate the difference, and return that duration as a string. :param start: `str` of ISO datetime :param end: `str` of ISO datetime, defaults to `start` for a 0 duration :returns: string """ if not isinstance(start, str) or not start.strip(): return '' end = end or start duration = dateutil.parser.isoparse(end) - dateutil.parser.isoparse(start) return str(duration)
[docs]def get_path_basename(urlpath): """ Helper function to derive file basename :param urlpath: URL path :returns: string of basename of URL path """ return os.path.basename(urlpath)
[docs]def json_serial(obj): """ helper function to convert to JSON non-default types (source: https://stackoverflow.com/a/22238613) :param obj: `object` to be evaluated :returns: JSON non-default type to `str` """ if isinstance(obj, (datetime, date, time)): return obj.isoformat() elif isinstance(obj, bytes): try: LOGGER.debug('Returning as UTF-8 decoded bytes') return obj.decode('utf-8') except UnicodeDecodeError: LOGGER.debug('Returning as base64 encoded JSON object') return base64.b64encode(obj) elif isinstance(obj, Decimal): return float(obj) msg = '{} type {} not serializable'.format(obj, type(obj)) LOGGER.error(msg) raise TypeError(msg)
[docs]def is_url(urlstring): """ Validation function that determines whether a candidate URL should be considered a URI. No remote resource is obtained; this does not check the existence of any remote resource. :param urlstring: `str` to be evaluated as candidate URL. :returns: `bool` of whether the URL looks like a URL. """ try: result = urlparse(urlstring) return bool(result.scheme and result.netloc) except ValueError: return False
[docs]def render_j2_template(config, template, data): """ render Jinja2 template :param config: dict of configuration :param template: template (relative path) :param data: dict of data :returns: string of rendered template """ custom_templates = False try: templates_path = config['server']['templates']['path'] env = Environment(loader=FileSystemLoader(templates_path)) custom_templates = True LOGGER.debug('using custom templates: {}'.format(templates_path)) except (KeyError, TypeError): env = Environment(loader=FileSystemLoader(TEMPLATES)) LOGGER.debug('using default templates: {}'.format(TEMPLATES)) env.filters['to_json'] = to_json env.filters['format_datetime'] = format_datetime env.filters['format_duration'] = format_duration env.globals.update(to_json=to_json) env.filters['get_path_basename'] = get_path_basename env.globals.update(get_path_basename=get_path_basename) env.filters['get_breadcrumbs'] = get_breadcrumbs env.globals.update(get_breadcrumbs=get_breadcrumbs) env.filters['filter_dict_by_key_value'] = filter_dict_by_key_value env.globals.update(filter_dict_by_key_value=filter_dict_by_key_value) try: template = env.get_template(template) except TemplateNotFound as err: if custom_templates: LOGGER.debug(err) LOGGER.debug('Custom template not found; using default') env = Environment(loader=FileSystemLoader(TEMPLATES)) template = env.get_template(template) else: raise return template.render(config=config, data=data, version=__version__)
[docs]def get_mimetype(filename): """ helper function to return MIME type of a given file :param filename: filename (with extension) :returns: MIME type of given filename """ return mimetypes.guess_type(filename)[0]
[docs]def get_breadcrumbs(urlpath): """ helper function to make breadcrumbs from a URL path :param urlpath: URL path :returns: `list` of `dict` objects of labels and links """ links = [] tokens = urlpath.split('/') s = '' for t in tokens: if s: s += '/' + t else: s = t links.append({ 'href': s, 'title': t, }) return links
[docs]def filter_dict_by_key_value(dict_, key, value): """ helper function to filter a dict by a dict key :param dict_: ``dict`` :param key: dict key :param value: dict key value :returns: filtered ``dict`` """ return {k: v for (k, v) in dict_.items() if v[key] == value}
[docs]def filter_providers_by_type(providers, type): """ helper function to filter a list of providers by type :param providers: ``list`` :param type: str :returns: filtered ``dict`` provider """ providers_ = {provider['type']: provider for provider in providers} return providers_.get(type, None)
[docs]def get_provider_by_type(providers, provider_type): """ helper function to load a provider by a provider type :param providers: ``list`` of providers :param provider_type: type of provider (feature) :returns: provider based on type """ LOGGER.debug('Searching for provider type {}'.format(provider_type)) try: p = (next(d for i, d in enumerate(providers) if d['type'] == provider_type)) except (RuntimeError, StopIteration): raise ProviderTypeError('Invalid provider type requested') return p
[docs]def get_provider_default(providers): """ helper function to get a resource's default provider :param providers: ``list`` of providers :returns: filtered ``dict`` """ try: default = (next(d for i, d in enumerate(providers) if 'default' in d and d['default'] is True)) LOGGER.debug('found default provider type') except StopIteration: LOGGER.debug('no default provider type. Returning first provider') default = providers[0] LOGGER.debug('Default provider: {}'.format(default['type'])) return default
[docs]class JobStatus(Enum): """ Enum for the job status options specified in the WPS 2.0 specification """ # From the specification accepted = 'accepted' running = 'running' successful = 'successful' failed = 'failed' dismissed = 'dismissed'
[docs]def read_data(path): """ helper function to read data (file or networrk) """ LOGGER.debug('Attempting to read {}'.format(path)) scheme = urlparse(path).scheme if scheme in ['', 'file']: LOGGER.debug('local file on disk') with io.open(path, 'rb') as fh: return fh.read() else: LOGGER.debug('network file') with urlopen(path) as r: return r.read()